Women and the Military – Module 5 Podcast

I choose this article because I think it relates to many issues of gender and politics in society. Now that women are allowed into combat roles in the military it is interesting to see how the dynamic will change. This article seems to suggest that women in combat is very similar to the position of women in regular society. As you view my podcast, you will see where I stand on this issue.


ALSO: correction, i said the author in “his” article, i meant HER (female author)… oops!

I Hope you enjoy!



Gottfried, Barbara (June 20, 2013) “Women in Combat, a Mirror of Society?” Time Magazine



Module 5: Summative

      After reviewing other peers blogs and the comments left on my blog, my peers and I share similar viewpoints. This week’s readings about copyright laws and the music industry gave me the opportunity to see the music industry differently. It seems that the music industry is difficult to regulate and my peers and I think it is best left untouched by corporations and in the hands of consumers.  As mentioned in the Lessig TED talk online new media is “celebrating amateur culture- to produce for the love of what they are doing”. I very much agree with this statement and think that people are recreating music and sharing files online in a new way than ever before. However, this is problematic for the music industries interests and the artists who are producing music in hopes of receiving compensation.

     My peers asked what if I were a famous musician and the effect piracy would have? I agree with one of my peers who commented that we have failed to put ourselves in the shoes of the producer. This is somewhat difficult to do because I cannot imagine the type of effect piracy would have on producers of music and film. However, I can assume that it does have a substantive affect. It seems that before new media was around, artists solely relied on record sales as the best source of revenue. Nowadays, artists have to venture out and produce a name for themselves beyond just their music. Perhaps, this is a direct correlation to the decline in record sales due to Internet piracy. Indeed, there are negative consequences to downloading music for free. This is not only detrimental for the artist but the whole music industry. I think we often fail to consider all the nameless, faceless figures that are also negatively affected by Internet piracy.

     In the end, I believe that it is hard to change people’s opinions about Internet piracy. Governments and the music industry can enact various copyright laws and policies. However, consumers of new media will find ways and loopholes to receive files online for free. 



Copyright Laws & the Music Industry


     This weeks readings were quite interesting and really got me thinking about copyright laws. Prior to this course, I knew copyright laws existed however in many ways thought I was not directly affected. However, in everyday life we are all taking photos, music, videos etc. and often without proper sourcing or payment. Often when I purchase music it either has to be very good or somewhat “free” (i.e. a gift card, ITunes card). Perhaps this rationalization is somewhat sad. I believe we are living in a society where online material ought to be fast and free. 

      I think this week readings really tied in great with last weeks, and how new media and the “Big 5” are controlling everything, everywhere! With the case of Napster, the music file sharing system, the Big 5 existing market oligopoly was reinforced (McCourt & Burkart, 2003,334). The Big 5 media companies are global, large and multi-billion dollar companies. However, it seems that music sharing online still exists, which has implications for copyright legislation in the music industry. I do not think the free online music sharing is going anywhere. As noted consumers enjoy new media free and fast. This is indeed the benefit to online music sharing. Steinmetz and Tunnell (2013) identifies various motivations to engage in piracy which include: the desire to share content, to sample content, not being able to afford content and a desire to undermine copyright law and the content industry (56) .People will always have these desires and motivations. However, there are copyright issues and the music industry does need to make money. The term copyright is very broad nowadays. “Copyright now covers anything fixed in a tangible medium of expression and reaches anyone who makes a copy or other use of the original work” (McCourt & Burkart, 2003,338). This seems like everyone I know has had copyright implications. Indeed, copyright legislation is to protect the interests of large companies, such as record labels. I believe policy protection and legislation is necessary. However, with the expanding avenues of new media it seems very difficult to place restrictions, especially with the recording industry and piracy. I also believe there is difficulty with devising a legal or moral guideline on what is piracy. People could being “pirating” something and not even know it. The mention of service fees or monthly payments in regard to music online may seem feasible to some but not everyone. Today, people can listen to torrent music files often before CD’s are released. Thus, this poses a difficult problem for how music industries ought to respond to the piracy. Perhaps, ignorance is bliss and we all ought to remember that consumers of new media want it fast and free. One the other end, maybe if music industries and governments worked together to incorporate some type of education regarding piracy and a younger age this may combat the issue. I think people nowadays are so used to piracy online that it is not thought about and we may not see the consequences it does have. Until then, I think I will continue to download files for free (oops).


Photo From: http://deterritorialsupportgroup.wordpress.com/2011/07/25/wikileaks-napste/

McCourt, T., P. Burkart. (2003). When Creators, Corporations and Consumers Collide:   Napster and the Development of On-line Music DistributionMedia, Culture & Society. 25 (3), pg. 333-350 

Steinmetz, K., K. Tunnell (2013). Under the Pixelated Jolly Roger: A Study of On-Line PiratesDeviant Behavior. 34 (1), pg. 53-67 

Short Video: Women in Formal Politics

Hello, this is my short video for Module 4.

I have never done anything like this before so please bare with me in this video!

I have chosen to look at women and Canadian politics. This video is a brief introduction to women in formal Canadian politics as well as some barriers to women entering politics.

Statistical information was found on Wikipedia (see references below). I also used iMovie to create this video as well as various photos from Google Images ( see references below).

Hope you Enjoy!








“Women in Canadian Politics” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women_in_Canadian_politics

Module 4: Summative Blog Post

After reading other blog posts this week I believe my peers and I have similar viewpoints. I believe it is possible to build this “cultural commons” in new media. One commenter mentioned YouTube as a means of cultural identity (where the consumer is the ultimate producer). I found this particularly interesting and never really thought about it before. I think videos and posts are put online to target specific audiences. In the end, both consumers and producers are in control. I believe copyright laws are essential to creativity. However, remixing an existing video to recreate seems to be an acceptable practice, as long as the final product is not the same message as the original production. There are many videos, which attempt to do this, and I enjoy them. I think there should be some freedom with remixing and original production. I mean as long as some credit is given?

As for me recreating original content, I thought I did not quite partake in this. However, I post video links and photos on social media sites. So I am definitely a consumer and producer. As one commenter mentioned, me writing this blog is essentially producing online content. I have to be aware that I properly source photos and outside text while still trying to remain original in my words.

In the end, I believe the Internet ought to remain a free identity, which is controlled by producers and consumers. Indeed, there is currently a marketization of culture with new media and regulatory and policing measures are being introduced and implemented. Big media should not restrict people from cultural creativity online. However, I understand certain laws and restrictions. People ought to own the rights to their intellectual property. However, if one wants to recreate this property, then it should and can be done in a way that respects all parties. When it comes to big conglomerates they ought to stay “out of the way” because then it seems biased and economically driven. Today, consumers of new media ought to be smart and consider the laws online as well as their own individual work.


New BIG Media


     I believe nowadays almost everyone is engaged in some type of media. I agree with Jenkins that new consumers are more “socially connected” (Jenkins, 2004,38). Personally, media consumes me and I am okay with it. Besides social media (Facebook, Twitter, Instagram) I find myself more of a consumer of new media rather than producer. I enjoy watching You Tube videos frequently. I visit webpages and blogs as well as read news articles online. When it comes to producing content I prefer to leave that up to others. It would be odd for me to post a video of myself, however I am so eager to post photos on Facebook. I enjoy new media and am an active consumer of it.

      This weeks readings were quite interesting. I found some reoccurring themes, which I will explore with regards to new media. These were neoliberalism (new economy), globalization and media conglomerates. “People who own ideas have become more powerful than people who work machines and, in many cases, more powerful than people who own machines”-UK analyst John Howkins (Miller, 2004,59) . I think this quote is relevant and relates to the idea of producers/consumers as well as cultural creativity. In today’s society many “big shots” are owners of their own creations. These people also want to have full rights to this, rightfully so? Miller (2004) interestingly notes that the world’s cultural structures are dominated by nine corporations (Miller,2004,60). For one instance we think that there are all these creative minds producing new media and products globally, however are all categorized under these conglomerates. This is where Jenkins’ (2004) paradox comes in where new media technologies are expanding the range of delivery, however there is a large concentration of the ownership of media (Jenkins, 2004, 33). The media conglomerates are certainly connected with globalization. We live in a global world where everything is somewhat connected especially in media. However, how does one dismantle these conglomerates? Well we don’t. In the era of neoliberal policies, new media will remain with self-regulation. Yes, this may seem problematic. As a media consuming society we will lose the ability to have any true influence over the directions that our culture takes if we do not find ways to participate in active dialogue with media industries (Jenkins, 2004,42).In turn, we ought to be more socially constructive of these new medias.

     With copyright laws and media restrictions, consumers might find it more difficult to express online. Perhaps these restrictions are good. However who will set these policies? If we leave this to big media corporations then all new media self-interests will prevail on a global scale. However, these copyright laws are essential for cultural creativity. As consumers of this media perhaps we should question authorities. However, with such a large space for new media this seems difficult. 


Jenkins, H. (2004) The Cultural Logic of Media Convergence  International Journal of Cultural Studies March 2004 7: 33-43

Miller, T. (2004) A view from a fossil. International Journal Of Cultural Studies, 7(1), 55-65. 

Photo From: http://blog.clickhere.com/2012/content-first-device-second/new-media-environment/